Maths Trail

Ages: 4-12 years

Materials: paper, pens

Time: 1-2 hrs

Complexity: easy to mid-level

“Do you know what my worst lesson is? It’s maths,
but I really like doing maths when it’s outdoors!”

“My favourite bit this week was the maths trail because it’s outside and you get to do more things.”

Encourage mathematical thinking.

By asking questions such as “what have you discovered? and how did you find that?” students can practice translating and interpreting the maths around them.

Enrich mathematical talk

Give pupils regular opportunities to describe, explain and justify their understanding of mathematical concepts by asking questions such as “what maths word would best describe…. What is this maths task all about? Are everybody else’s results the same? Why/ Why not?

Develop problem solving skills

Ask open ended questions and allow the students to ask themselves questions such as “do we have all the information needed for this question? Can we simplify the question? E.g. How many of these beach balls would fit into the tennis court?

Facilitate group work and students working collaboratively

“Students develop better capacities for problem-solving and reasoning and obtain higher learning outcomes when they are able to interact with others, share ideas, challenge perspectives, and discuss alternative propositions before reaching agreement”
Rojas-Drummand and Mercer, 2003; Wegerif et al, 1999

Experience practical application of maths in the real world

Enable students to make connections between maths strands as well as connections between maths and the real world. E.g. While on the trail get students to count the number of red blocks and the number of grey blocks and draw the pattern onto their activity sheet.

The following questions could then be asked as a follow up activity in the classroom:

Using the data collected on the maths trail, what is the ratio of red blocks to grey blocks? If the red blocks cost x and the grey blocks cost y, how much did the blocks cost for this wall? What other patterns can you make using these rectangular blocks in two different colours.

Practice observational skills and spark curiosity

You can facilitate this by posing a series of questions such as “draw the pattern made from the tiles in the wall. How many different colour tiles are used within this repeating pattern? What other patterns are possible using these shapes and colours? Why do you think this pattern – and these colours – have been chosen over other possibilities?”

Become a critical thinker

What do you observe? What do you notice? What do you need to know? What assumptions are being made? What would happen if…?

1. Decide on the location for your maths trail.

Begin by walking around the area and selecting sites that are offer rich mathematical opportunities. As you are exploring the site think about the topics you teach in a mathematics lesson. Use your maths eyes to look for numbers (clocks, licence plates, dates, money), patterns, shapes, look for things to count, graph and/or measure (distance, time, temperature, weight). Include direction and pivoting 90 degrees, 180 degrees. What else can you see?

2. Choose 4 or more stops along the maths trail and develop a series of maths tasks for each stop, with the help from colleagues, ideally from different class levels.

Each teacher should identify maths tasks for the site but also include questions that cannot be answered immediately. i.e. students must collect materials and information for further investigations back in the classroom.

It would be beneficial to devise differentiated maths activities that will appeal to students with different learning styles and maths abilities, resulting in an adaptable resource that the whole community can use.

3. Take Photos

You should take photos of the different stops, accompany them with notes and identify each stop by giving it an appropriate name.

4. Be critical when developing the trail and the maths tasks.

• Try to contextualise the questions so that the activity is not just a mathematical exercise which could easily be done in the classroom.
• Are pupils being challenged?
• Aim to improve mathematical thinking, not just observational thinking.
• Questions should provide opportunities for children to explore and develop strategies for solving a variety of problems. Explain this to the students prior to starting the activity.

5. Compile the activities for each section of the trail and design an activity sheet for students.

• Be sure to make it as attractive as possible by including photos and drawings.
• You may like to include a map and directions for the students to follow.
• Make a list of any equipment needed at each stop.

6. Test the trail with a group of students to ensure that the directions can be easily followed.

• Run through the school’s guidelines regarding safety and behaviour on a school excursion.
• If there is any equipment needed at each stop then make sure to place the equipment there prior to the beginning of the activity.
• Make sure the students are familiar with the equipment and have time practicing with it.
• Assign mixed ability groups and include roles such as reader and recorder, calculator, checker, reporter
• Give each group a clip board and a template for the group to enter their details (see above)